Unformatted text preview: affairs? Moreover, how could we get from utter savageness to civilization? Rousseau offers speculation. He says that our natural response to scarcity is innovation (where Hobbes sees the response as competition). Our first preference to solving problems of scarcity is to create tools or methods for working for it, rather than automatically trying to take it from others. So we end up with tools and cooperative activities, which lead to comforts and capabilities that we didn’t have before But then we have the problem of leisure: We come to depend on our comforts. “Having them gives us little or no pleasure, but losing them is devastating—even though we once managed perfectly well without them.” The balance between civilized pride and savage brutishness eventually tips over and we arrive at the wars and problems of civilization. This is what’s lamentable. We might, in cultivating political structures, want to re-establish this balance....
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- Winter '11