Unformatted text preview: Contestant #1 I am a womanizer, have selfinterested policies and unfortunately suffer from ailing health. Contestant #2
I have a drinking habit and a defiant tongue or attitude Contestant #3
I am a decorated war hero, do not drink and want to create a stable economy Contestant #1 Contestant #2 Contestant #3 Treaty of Versailles Total Control
of State by a
Dictator Black Tuesday
- stock market crashes Great Depression
1930s Increasing influence of new
political parties that emphasize
-For example: Communism,
Nazism, Fascism What is it? Describe its characteristics… Government establishes complete control of all aspects of the state
(political, military, economy, social, cultural) Highly nationalistic (flags, salutes, rallies, uniforms) Strict controls and laws Military state (secret police, army, military) Censorship (opposing literature and ideas) Propaganda (media – radio, newspapers, posters) One leader (dictator); charismatic Total conformity of people to ideas and leader Terror and Fear Nazism Totalitarianism Communism Fascism *These theories, specifically Communism and Fascism, are completely different theories that are bitterly opposed; however they exhibit the same behaviour I am Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union from 19221953.
What is Communism?
• LEFT WING
• based on theory by Karl Marx
• revolutionary idea of a political, economic and social system that creates a “classless society”
• state ownership and control of the means of production (no private ownership)
• Soviet Communism or “Stalinism”, was more of a totalitarian and military state combined with elements of communism I am Benito Mussolini the leader (Il Duce) of Italy from 1922 to 1943.
What is Fascism?
• RIGHT WING
• intense nationalism and elitism
• totalitarian control • interests of the state more important than individual rights
• maintain class system and private ownership Interesting Fact: Fascism name was derived from the fasces, an ancient Roman symbol of authority consisting of a bundle of rods and an ax I am Adolf Hitler the leader (der Fuhrer) or dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. What is Nazism?
• extremely fascist , nationalistic and totalitarian • based on beliefs of the National Socialist German Workers Party
• belief in the racial superiority of the Aryan, the “master race”
• belief that all Germans should have “lebensraum” or living space in Europe
•Violent hatred towards Jews and blamed Germany’s problems on them • GESTAPO: the Secret State Police • SS (Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SA
• SA (Sturmabteilung): Stormtroopers "brownshirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political parties • Lebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into east • Wehrmacht: German army
• HJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler Youth • Einstazgruppen: Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing units
• Volk: all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs) This Nazi propaganda poster reads, ‘Behind the enemy powers: the Jew. “The Eternal Jew”
Depiction of a Jew holding gold coins in one hand and a whip in the other. Under his arm is a map of the world, with the imprint of the hammer and sickle. Posters like this promoted a sharp rise in anti
Semitic feelings, and in some cases violence against the Jewish community. Policy of Policy of Appeasement Appeasement willingness to surrender to an aggressors’ demands to avoid war How was it used prior to World War II? Acceptance that Hitler could not be stopped and needed to be negotiated with (even at the expense of the smaller independent countries) Accepted because of sympathy and guilt felt by Britain and USA of unjust Treaty of Versailles
Reality Blindness to true nature of Hitler’s agenda program for Eastern Europe Irony= policy used to avoid war but empowered Hitler to continue his aggressive campaign . The only way to stop Hitler was to declare war. STEPS TO WAR How did World War II begin? How did appeasement contribute to World War II?
Reflect Was the Treaty of Versailles truly the cause of World War II? Or appeasement?
What do we have to remember about hindsight when examining history?
Could Hitler have been ‘stopped’ at any time prior to 1939?
What was Canada’s view of appeasement and another potential war? What was “isolationism” ? Interested? More videoshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=waI4aqRf0o http ...
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