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Unformatted text preview: a (1865-1935): Highlighted the relative weakness of Muslim societies visà-vis Western colonialism
The Deobandi Movement
The Dar al Alum University in Deoband, India Adhered to Hanafi School of jurisprudence Social conservatism Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi
Sayyid Advocated the creation of an Islamic state governed by sharia
law, as interpreted by Shura councils. An integration of Islam with an ethical scientific view.
An The Muslim Brotherhood
The Founded by Hassan al Banna in 1928 The Qur’an as “Constitution” Provided basic community services including schools,
mosques, and workshops The need to eliminate all non-Muslim imperialism from the world Sayyid Qutb The Iranian Revolution Lebanon and Hezbollah Tenets and Beliefs: Belief in revolution to affect social change Education of women The use of modern technology within the Islamic state Islamic Fundamentalism
Islamic Fundamentalists The world is divided into two spheres, Dar al-Islam and Dar
al-Harb…Jihad is waged to “remove the obstacles to the
religion of God” Jihad is a religious war with those who are “unbelievers in
the mission of the Prophet Muhammad the Prophet.”
the A literal approach to the interpretation of the Qur’an No separation between religious and secular authority…the
state should implement Shariah law
state Innovation is to be avoided Islamic Fundamentalism
Islamic Some problems: What is Sharia law?
What is Islam? Sunni Shi’ite...
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- Fall '05