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Unformatted text preview: Islamism
Sayyid Qut’b Sayyid Qut’b
Sayyid Born October 9, 1906– died August 29, 1966
Moved to Cairo in 1929 Essential philosophy: • Islam is a complete system of morality, justice and governance
• Sharia laws and principles should be the sole basis of governance and everything else in life • Disagreed that democracy was Islamic Key concepts: • Sura (Consultation)
• Ijma (Consensus) Sayyid Qut’b
Sayyid Argued for a “just dictatorship” With limited consultation until he observed the abuses of power under Abdul Nasser
Opposed Arab nationalism
Jahiliyyah vs. freedom • Nasser’s abuse of power contributed to Qut’b ideas in his famous advocating a political system the opposite of dictatorship, (what one observor has called "a kind of anarchoIslam.) There Qutb argued: The Muslim world had ceased to be and reverted to preIslamic ignorance known as jahiliyyah, because of the lack of sharia law. Consequently all states of the Muslim world are not Islamic and thus illegitimate, including that of his native land Egypt. Rather than rule by a pious few, (or democratic representation), Muslims should resist any system where men are in "servitude to other men" i.e. obey other men as unIslamic and a violation of God's sovereignty (Hakamiyya) over all of creation. A truly Islamic polity would have no rulers not even have theocratic ones since Muslims would need neither judges nor police to obey divine law. The way to bring about this freedom was for a revolutionary vanguard to fight jahiliyyah with a twofold approach: preaching, and abolishing the organizations and authorities of the Jahili system by "physical power and Jihad." Sayyid Qut’b
Sayyid This vanguard movement would grow until it formed a truly Islamic community, then spread throughout the Islamic homeland and finally throughout the entire world. Islamicallycorrect Jihad now being interpreted by Qutb as offensive, no longer "narrowly" defensive as Orientalists! believe. Sayyid Qut’b
Sayyid Qutb emphasized this struggle would be anything but easy. True Islam would transform every aspect of society, eliminating everything nonMuslim. True Muslims could look forward to lives of "poverty, difficulty, frustration, torment and sacrifice." Jahili erzatzMuslims, Jews and Westerners would all fight and conspire against Islam and the elimination of jahiliyyah. Sayyid Qut’b
Sayyid Among was particularly enraged by Jews, whom he saw as a great menace to Islam despite their small numbers. Qutb repeatedly talked of "the wicked opposition of the Jews to Islam," their "conspiracies" and "scheming against Islam" over the centuries Sayyid Qut’b
Sayyid Qutb had influence on Islamic insurgent/terror groups in Egypt and elsewhere. His influence on Al Qaeda was felt through his writing, his followers and especially through his brother, Muhammad Qutb, who moved to Saudi Arabia following his release from prison in Egypt and became a professor of Islamic Studies and edited, published and promoted his brother Sayyid's work. ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course POL 2 taught by Professor Robertbrown during the Fall '05 term at Riverside Community College.
- Fall '05