Wahhabism and Modern Islamic Ideology

Wahhabism and Modern Islamic Ideology - Wahhabism and...

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Wahhabism and Modern Islamic Ideology From Muhammad ibn Abd-al- Wahhab to Sayyid Qut’b
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Wahhabism and Modern Islamic Ideology Wahhabism: A conservative 18th century reform movement of Sunni Islam Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab--(1703–1792). Born in Najd, Arabia. Was from a line of scholars of the Hanbali school of jurisprudence The Hanbali school of jurisprudence stressed reliance on the Qur’an as the preeminent source of Islamic law (Sharia) The next most reliable source was the Hadith, or sayings of the Prophet, that reflected the way the early community (umma) interpreted the message of Muhammad.
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Wahhabism and Islamic Ideology Wahhabi stressed the following: The “oneness” of God (monotheism) All acts of piety and deference toward the Prophet and other Muslims, dead or alive, as idolatry. Jihad (holy war) against such Muslims who violated this principle No blind adherence to the interpretations of Islamic scholars Responsibility to learn the “way of the Prophet” (the sunnah), i.e. the Qur’an and Hadith, fell upon the individual Muslim (to be educated in Madrassas, or ‘holy schools”
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Wahhabism and Islamic Ideology Islam had endured through several centuries of political leadership that had diluted its pure message (The Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties). Islam needed purification What was needed was a revival of itjihad (independent reasoning) within the Muslim, not a reliance on accepted teaching (this movement became known as Salafism). Muslims should avoid shirk : Major shirk , which relates to the aspects of worship, intention, obedience and showing fidelity to people. Minor shirk , which relates to the act of showing off Hidden shirk , in which a believer may fall inadvertently, modes of dress, associating with idolatrous Muslims, adopting western styles, or customs
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The Muslim Brotherhood
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The Muslim Brotherhood British Colonial rule 1882-1922 Indirect Control 1923-52 during which Egypt was ruled by a monarchy Ottoman Caliphate abolished in 1924 Egyptian politics during this period dominated by the struggle between Egyptian nationalists,the monarchy and the British Egypt used by the British as an operations base during World War II 1948 Arab-Israeli war (Brotherhood sends volunteers)
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Hasan al-Banna
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The Muslim Brotherhood Born in Mahmudiyya, north-west of Cairo Importance of Sufism (Hasafi tariqa ) Moved to Cairo in 1922 and studied to become a primary school teacher Graduated in 1927 and moved to Ismailiyya, on the Suez canal Founded the Muslim Brotherhood in 1928 Back to Cairo in 1932, grassroots organizing In 1948 Prime Minister al-Nuqrashi assassinated In 1949 Hasan al-Banna assassinated by security forces
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course POL 2 taught by Professor Robertbrown during the Fall '05 term at Riverside Community College.

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Wahhabism and Modern Islamic Ideology - Wahhabism and...

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