International Relations 350The International Order in 1945World War II in Europe, 1941-1945Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin -- do they have a reason to be worried because of all territory because of Nazi controlled Europe. • Lend Lease Aid, Roosevelt says we will make weapons for the rest of the world. Need to lend monetary assistance, weapons, food, so our neighbors in the world can fight a common enemy. • “Second Front”: they want a second front, want the USA to fight, because different soldiers die.End up opening second front and not close to Germany, but fight Italy – fight Hitler’s friends. Dec. 1943June 1944 – liberation of France in Normandy Dec. 1944World War II in Asia (1941-1945)Japan expanding its territory Are Americans going to take same approach in Asia as they do in Europe?Mao, Chaing Kai Shek, Ghandi Is there a way to get Mao and Chiang Kai Shek to work together in China? Pan-Americanism• 1939: Neutral• 1940: “No-Transfer”: No Transfer resolution- The US Orchestrates an agreement between these countries to make sure no german influence can penetrate the americas• 1941: BEW – Americans need cocaine, to help soldiers as a medical stimulator, so they can work without sleepOLLA • 1945: Chapultepec-Non – intervention-Collective security? Start to work together to make peace between the America’s. Europe Divided• HolocaustBritish, French, etc. start to publicize some of Hitler’s criminality•Central Europe? How do you get rid of the evil in Europe? Denazification, demilitarization, deindustrialization Soviets dominate most areas in the East, British dominate Greece, Germany is divided in British parts, Soviet, American and French parts. Get all violence out, and then you can rebuild a stable Europe.Have to avoid the mistakes of WWI. • Balance of power? Guarantees security without guaranteeing dominance. • Germany – original plan is to be stripped of everything, and half of everything will go to rebuild the Soviet Union
ReunionReparationsAsia Reordered (?)• China-Regional power-Unity?•Japan?USA puts Japan under military occupation •Korea?: Korea similar to postwar Germany Part of the Axis coalition partitioned in 1945 between the US and the USSREach zone had a different government installed by its occupier each claimed power over the entire countryCommunist half attacked the not-communist half; North vs. South North was military superiorTruman administration effective response to North Korea demonstration of its promise to help•Empire?The Middle East Evolves• Security• Nationalism • Holocaust • Iran• OilAfrica in 1945A New Conflict in Europe (1945-1949)?Détente vie De-Nazification? End of dispute and becoming unified• Nuremberg Court – crimes against humanityThe Inter-Allied Nuremberg court (Nov. 1945-Oct. 1946)Ex. Alfred Rosenberg, German racial theorist.