Anatomy 10 Final Review - Anatomy 10 Final Exam Review...

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Anatomy 10 Final Exam Review: Please note that this is only a general guide to the final exam. I cannot guarantee that everything on the test is included on the following set of review questions. Chapter 1: Orientation to the Human Body 1. What does the term anatomy mean? Physiology? 2. What are the different levels of structural organization? 3. What are the names and general functions of the major body systems? 4. What is homeostasis? 5. What are the major components of homeostatic control mechanisms? i.e. effector, control center, receptor, afferent, efferent? 6. Be able to describe the anatomical position with proper regional and directional terms. 7. Be able to describe body sections (sagittal, frontal, transverse) 8. Know major body cavities. Be able to identify each. 9. Know the 9 regions of the abdominopelvic cavity (epigastric, right lumbar, etc.). 10. Use the 9 regions to help locate basic organs of the digestive tract (Fig. 1.8c). Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry 1. What are elements? How are elements defined? 2. What is the smallest unit of any element? 3. What are protons, neutrons, electrons? Where found? 4. What are the major elements of the human body? 5. What is atomic number? What is atomic mass number? 6. What is an isotope? 7. What are electron shells? Rule of 8? What sub-atomic particles (neutrons, protons, electrons) are responsible for determining bond formation? 8. What are ionic bonds, covalent bonds? 9. What are non-polar and polar covalent bonds? Single, double bonds? 10. What are hydrogen bonds? How do they affect the properties of water? 11. What are synthesis, decomposition, exchange reactions? 12. What are the properties of water? Is water organic? 13. What pH defines an acid/base? Be able to use pH to describe weak vs strong acids and bases. 14. What are the 4 major categories of organic molecules? What are the major functions of each? 15. What are the building blocks of proteins? What do enzymes do? Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues 1. Why are cells so important to life? 2. What are the basic parts of a cell? 3. What is the function of the plasma (cell) membrane? 4. What are the basic components of the cell membrane? 5. What are microvilli? 6. Know the functions of each major cell organelle. 7. What are cilia and flagella? 8. What are centrioles? 9. What are the different pathways of cell transport? 10. What is passive transport? Diffusion? Osmosis? 11. What is facilitated diffusion? 12. What are the different phases of the cell cycle? What happens in each? 13. What are the phases of mitosis? What happens in each? 14. What are the steps in protein synthesis? What happens in each? 15. What are the 4 basic tissue types? What are the general functions of each? 16. How are epithelial tissues categorized? Be able to identify the different types from diagrams.
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17. What are the different types of connective tissue?
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