Anatomy 2B Final Exam Review Spring 11

Anatomy 2B Final Exam Review Spring 11 - :.Thereareno . Ch

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Anatomy 2B Final Exam Review:  Please note that this is only a general guide to the first exam.  There are no  guarantees that everything on the test is included on the following set of review questions.  All material discussed in  class and found in the text is fair and appropriate evaluation material. Chapter 11: Nervous System Basics  1.  What are the basic functions of all neuroglial cells?  Where are they found? 2. What are the basic anatomical features (axons, dendrites, etc.) of neurons? 3. What are graded potentials?  Action potentials? 4. What types of channels are involved in generating each of the above? 5. How do graded potentials generate APs? 6. What are ISPSs and ESPSs?  How are they generated?  How do they interact? 7.  What is resting membrane potential?  Depolarization?  Hyperpolarization? 8.  How is resting membrane potential maintained/generated? 9. How do depolarization and hyperpolarization impact the chance of an AP? 10.  What are the different periods within an AP?  Absolute vs. Relative refractory. 11. What channels are open/closed during each of the above periods? 12. What is the anatomy and physiology of a chemical synapse? 13. What is a neurotransmitter?  Chapter 12: CNS 1. What are the major components of the CNS? 2. What is CSF?  How is it made?  What does it do?  Where does it reside? 3. What are the meninges?  4. What are the regions of the brain?  Major functions? 5. What are the functions of the specific regions of the cortex? 6. What are the major anatomical features (fissures, sulci, lobes, etc.) of the cortex? 7. What are the major tracts of the spinal cord? 8. What does each do?  9. What are the major anatomical features of the spinal cord?  Where do they occur? Chapter 13:  PNS 1. What are the major receptor types of the PNS?  Where found?  Function? 2. What are the different functional types of nerves?  Neurotransmitters used? 3. How are spinal nerves formed?  What are the major rami? 4. What are the major elements of a reflex arc? 5. How are the roots organized? 6. What is a ganglion? 7. What are the major somatic, spinal reflexes?  Which receptors are involved in each? Function of each? 8. What areas are served by the major branches/nerves of the brachial plexus? Chapter 14 ANS:
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1. What are the 2 divisions of the ANS? 2. What are the functions of each?  How do they differ anatomically? 3. What are the major nerves of cranial outflow?  Be able to identify these from a diagram.
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