SophisticMovement2Notes - Sophistic Movement Continued...

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Sophistic Movement Continued Examples of Two Responsible Sophists Antiphon of Athens (480 – 411). 1 In his teaching and writing Antiphon raised important questions. He was concerned with the contradictions between the laws of nature and the laws created by people. This distinction led him to question ideas that were fundamental to the Greek view of social life. The Greeks divided human beings into two groups: 1. Greeks who lived in independent cities and were self – governing, and 2. Barbarians who did not live in such arrangements. Even Macedonians who were Greek by ethnicity and language were called barbarians because they lived under a King in a state made up of small towns. Persians and Egyptians who they Greeks acknowledged to have rich cultures and complex social systems were still considered barbarians and not fully human because they lived under kings. This view persisted until the fall of the polis brought about by the conquests of Alexander the Great. The Greeks also made a distinction between those descended from important families and those of less distinguished lineage. Antiphon questioned both distinctions.
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course COMM 118 taught by Professor Cronen during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).

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SophisticMovement2Notes - Sophistic Movement Continued...

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