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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Essay Questions 12/12/2011 20:49:00 Question 1: Pick one of the five theories of migration we discussed in class. Describe (a) the basic argument of the theory, (b) the assumptions made by the theory, and (c) what kind of individuals the theory predicts will be selected into migration. Describe an example of migration stream (domestic, international, modern-day, historical) other than Mexico-U.S. migration for which this theory might apply. Give reason for your choice of example. In other words, in what ways does the theory apply to your chosen case and in what ways is the application problematic? (a) The basic argument of the micro-level economic theory o In this theory of migration the individual evaluates 3 things; the costs and benefits of living in one region, the costs and benefits of living in another, and the costs and benefits of migration itself. o The basic argument of the micro-level economic theory is that an individual will choose to migrate when the benefits exceed the costs. (b) Assumptions made by the theory o Assuming that people pick the most logical choice o We are making predictions based on wages and educations, and excluding social aspects Smoke and Mirrors reading on Mexican migrants- people choose to migration through a cost-benefit calculation that leads them to expect positive net returns, usually monetary, from international migration Migration is an investment in human capital People seek to go to a place where given their skills, they can be more productive and earn more money Costs of traveling can include: difficulty adopting to new market, cost of cutting old ties, forming new ones, material costs of traveling o We dont know the weight placed on a cost for an individual- when migrating people value certain things higher than others and we are unaware of the weight of each factor in contributing to the decision to migrate or not o We have imperfect information- not all migrants know everything about all possible locations (c) What kind of individuals will be selected into migration o People with some specific skill that can be of use in the receiving country o Micro-level theory focuses on individual decision making, so it would predict that people who are able to leave family behind to move to another country for work, usually the male of the family, will be selected into migration o An example of a migration stream for which this theory applies During the gold-rush- migration to California People weighed costs and benefits of the migration and felt that...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course SOC 170 taught by Professor Nobles during the Fall '11 term at Wisconsin.
- Fall '11