prejudice - Prejudice July 5, 2011 Professor Jamie Gorman...

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Prejudice July 5, 2011 Professor Jamie Gorman Doctoral Candidate Rutgers University at Newark Smith Hall Room 113 Gormanj@psychology.rutgers.edu
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External Causes of Aggression Mass Media Violent media exposure increases aggression Huesmann, et al. (2003) 15-year longitudinal study (N=329) Heavy viewers of violent TV shows in 1 st and 3 rd grade were 3x more likely to be convicted of criminal behavior when they were in their 20s
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The Psychology of Aggression: Acquiring Social Scripts Social scripts: Templates for how to behave in a particular situation. Media (e.g., TV, video games) influences social scripts, which people (often children) rely on in unfamiliar situations. When social scripts are violent, people may act them out. Video games may produce strong scripts because they are active. Create view of world as hostile
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Wounded Pride Violent individuals Think they are better than other people Have grandiose or inflated opinions of their worth
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Wounded Pride Violent individuals typically have the trait of narcissism Thinking oneself special Feeling entitled to preferential treatment Willing to exploit others Low empathy Grandiose fantasies
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Wounded Pride Narcissistic Personality inventory I insist upon getting the respect that is due to me. I wish someone would someday write my biography. I can make anyone believe anything I want them to. Narcissistic Personality Inventory High scores + blow to ego = aggression Most aggression is the result of some type of provocation Other factors increase or decrease effect of wounded pride
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How can We Reduce Aggression? Punishment – may work slightly, but is not completely effective by itself Modeling non-aggression When kids have non-aggressive role models, their behaviors become less aggressive Training Preventing aggression before it happens by teaching non- violent problem-solving and conflict resolution skills
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Hostile Cognitive Biases Hostile attribution bias Tendency to perceive ambiguous actions by others as aggressive Hostile perception bias Tendency to perceive social interactions as being aggressive Hostile expectation bias Tendency to assume people will react to potential conflicts with aggression
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Hostile Cognitive Biases Aggressive people have inner biases that make them Expect others to react aggressively View ambiguous acts as aggressive Assume others act purposefully when they hurt or offend them
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Self-Control Poor self-control Is an important cause of crime Is a predictor of violent crimes Criminals tend to be more impulsive Less self control – more likely to smoke cigarettes, traffic accidents, unplanned pregnancies, and fail to show up to work or school regularly Violence starts when self-control stops
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What are Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination? Prejudice – a negative learned attitude toward
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course PSYCH 21:830:335 taught by Professor Jamiegordon during the Summer '11 term at Rutgers.

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prejudice - Prejudice July 5, 2011 Professor Jamie Gorman...

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