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Unformatted text preview: ic or ous . The suffix ic is used when the anion name ends in ate , and -ous is used when the anion name ends in ite . These are usually named as acids whether or not they are in aqueous solution. Common examples: Acid Anion Name HNO 3 NO 3-(nitrate) nitric acid* H 2 SO 4 SO 4 2-(sulfate) sulfuric acid* H 3 PO 4 PO 4 2-(phosphate) phosphoric acid* HC 2 H 3 O 2 C 2 H 3 O 2-(acetate) acetic acid* H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 C 6 H 5 O 7 3-(citrate) citric acid HNO 2 NO 2-(nitrite) nitrous acid H 2 SO 3 SO 3 2-(sulfite) sulfurous acid Using this rule, the chlorine (and other halogen) oxyanion acids can also be named: HClO ClO-(hypochlorite) hypochlorous acid HClO 2 ClO 2-(chlorite) chlorous acid HClO 3 ClO 3-(chlorate) chloric acid HClO 4 ClO 4-(perchlorate) perchloric acid...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course CHEM 31 taught by Professor Ansell,m during the Fall '08 term at Las Positas College.
- Fall '08