15-5 & 15-6 Poisoning & burns

15-5 & 15-6 Poisoning & burns - Poisoning...

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Poisoning Can happen to any individual regardless of age Poison is any substance that causes a harmful reaction when applied or ingested Ways poisoning occurs Swallowing various substances Inhaling poisonous gases Injecting substances Contacting the skin with poison
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Poisoning Immediate action is needed for any poisoning victim First aid varies depending on type of poison, injury involved and the method of contact Immediate care is needed before poison is absorbed into the body Call poison control center (PCC) or emergency medical services (EMS) immediately
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Poisoning First aid for unconscious victim who swallowed poison Check for breathing and provide artificial respiration if needed Obtain medical help as soon as possible Position breathing victim on side so fluids can drain from the mouth
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Poisoning Methods to induce vomiting in victim who swallowed poison Vomiting induced is PCC recommends or if medical help is not available Syrup of ipecac can be given to induce vomiting Medication to induce vomiting that is available in most drug stores Follow dosage recommended on bottle Followed by glasses of water Tickle back of victim’s throat Drink warm salt water
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Poisoning Vomiting must NOT be induced in the following situations Unconscious victims Victims who swallowed an acid or alkali Victims who swallowed petroleum products Victims who are convulsing Victims with burns on lips or mouth
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Poisoning Since vomiting removes only about one-half of the poison, the PCC may recommend counteracting the remaining poison with activated charcoal Available in most drug stores Helps absorb any remaining poison Follow directions on bottle for correct dosage
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Poisoning First aid for poisoning by inhalation of dangerous gases (ex. Carbon monoxide) Immediately remove victim from the area before treatment Take a deep breath of fresh air before entering area Do not breathe gas while removing victim from area When victim is in safe area, check for breathing Provide artificial respiration if needed Obtain medical help immediately death can occur quickly
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course CNA 1 taught by Professor Teresabriggs during the Spring '12 term at NorthWest Arkansas Community College.

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15-5 & 15-6 Poisoning & burns - Poisoning...

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