15-7 & 15-8 Heat & Cold Exposure

15-7 & 15-8 Heat & Cold Exposure - Heat Exposure...

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Heat Exposure Overexposure to heat may cause a chemical imbalance in body that will eventually lead to death Occurs when water or salt are lost through perspiration Also occurs when body cannot eliminate excess heat
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Heat Exposure Heat cramps Muscle pains and spasms Caused by exposure to heat Result from loss of salt through perspiration Apply firm pressure on cramped muscles to provide relief Encourage victim to rest and move to cooler area Give small sips of water to victim
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Heat Exposure Heat exhaustion Occurs when victim is exposed to heat and experiences a loss of fluids through sweating Signs and symptoms Pale and clammy skin Diaphoresis (profuse perspiration) Fatigue, tiredness, weakness Headache Muscle cramps Nausea and/or vomiting Dizziness and/or fainting Body temperature close to normal
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Heat Exposure First aid care Move victim to cooler area if possible Apply cool, wet cloths Lie victim down with feet elevated 12 inches Give small sips of water, about 4 ounces every 15 minutes if victim alert and conscious Obtain medical help immediately if victim vomits, develops shock or experiences respiratory distress
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course CNA 1 taught by Professor Teresabriggs during the Spring '12 term at NorthWest Arkansas Community College.

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15-7 & 15-8 Heat & Cold Exposure - Heat Exposure...

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