15-9 Bone & Joint Injuries

15-9 Bone & Joint Injuries - Bone and Joint...

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Bone and Joint Injuries Variety of injuries can occur to bones and joints Frequently occur in accidents and falls Injuries may occur by themselves or together Examples: Fractures Dislocations Sprains Strains
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Bone and Joint Injuries Fracture A break in the bone 2 types Closed or simple fracture Injury to the bone No external or open wound on the skin Open or compound fracture Break in the bone Open wound on the skin
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Bone and Joint Injuries Signs and symptoms vary and are not all present in every victim Deformities Limited motion or loss of motion Pain and tenderness at fracture site Swelling and discoloration Protrusion of bone ends through the skin Victim hears a bone break or snap Victim feel a grating sensation or abnormal movement
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Bone and Joint Injuries Objectives of first aid care Maintain respirations Treat for shock Keep the broken bone from moving with devices such as splints or slings Prevent further injury Obtain medical help for the victim
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Bone and Joint Injuries Dislocation Dislocation Occurs when the end of a bone is displaced from a joint or moves out of its normal position within a joint Frequently accompanied by a tearing or stretching of ligaments, muscles or other soft tissue
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Bone and Joint Injuries Dislocation Signs and symptoms Deformity of joint or limb Limited or abnormal movement Swelling and discoloration Pain and tenderness Shortening or lengthening of affected limb
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Bone and Joint Injuries Dislocation First aid care Basically the same as first aid for fractures Make no attempt to reduce the dislocation or replace the bone in the joint Immobilize the affected part in the position in which it is found by using splints and/or slings Avoid any movement of part because movement can lead to additional injury to nerves, blood vessels and other tissues in the area Obtain medical help immediately
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Bone and Joint Injuries Sprain Sprain Injury to the tissues surrounding a joint
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15-9 Bone & Joint Injuries - Bone and Joint...

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