15-12 Dressings and Bandages

15-12 Dressings and Bandages - Dressings and Bandages...

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Unformatted text preview: Dressings and Bandages Dressings Dressings Dressings Dressings Sterile covering placed over wound or Sterile injured part injured Used to control bleeding, absorb blood Used and secretions, prevent infection and ease pain pain Dressings are held in place with tape or a Dressings bandage bandage Dressings Dressings Types of materials – Gauze pads in a variety of sizes – Compresses with thick absorbent material – Avoid fluff cotton because loose cotton fibers Avoid may contaminate the wound may – Handkerchief or pillowcase may be used in Handkerchief emergency emergency Bandages Bandages Bandages Materials used to hold dressings in place, Materials to secure splints and to support and protect body parts protect Apply snugly enough to control bleeding Apply and prevent movement of dressing, but not so tightly that they interfere with circulation circulation Bandages Bandages Types of materials – Roller gauze bandages Come in variety of widths Common ones are 1-, 2-, and 3-inch widths Used to hold dressings in place on almost any part Used of the body of Bandages Bandages – Triangular bandages Used to secure dressings on head/scalp or as a Used sling sling At times used as covering for large body part such At as hand, foot or shoulder as – Elastic bandages Readily conform or mold to injured part Can be hazardous if applied too tightly or stretched Can during application because they can cut off or constrict circulation constrict Used to provide support or stimulate circulation Applying Dressings Applying Applying dressings Obtain correct size: should be large Obtain enough to extend at least 1 inch beyond edges of wound edges Prevent infection by avoiding Prevent contamination of dressing contamination Open package taking care not to touch or Open handle sterile dressing with your fingers handle Applying Dressings Applying Pick up dressing with pinching action so Pick you handle only one side or outside of dressing dressing Place dressing on wound with untouched Place side against wound side Secure dressing in place with tape or Secure bandage wrap bandage Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods Methods of wrapping bandages Several methods are used Method used depends on body part Method involved involved Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods Circular bandage – Frequently used to hold dressings on body Frequently parts such as arms, legs, chest or abdomen parts – Triangular bandage folded down to form strip Triangular of bandage or cravat of – Strips of cloth or gauze bandage can also be Strips used used – Example – pressure bandage Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods Spiral wrap bandage – Used to hold dressings in place on arm or leg or used Used to provide support to a limb to – Spiral wrap is started at bottom of limb and moves up Spiral in direction of blood flow to the heart in – Spiral motion is used to encircle the limb and the Spiral bandage is overlapped about one-half its width on each turn each – At top of limb or stopping point, end with one or two At circular wraps around limb circular – Secure end with tape, pins or clips Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods Figure eight wrap – Used to hold bandages or provide support to Used joints such as ankle or wrist joints – Elastic bandage is used if support is provided – Anchor bandage on instep of foot – Make one or two circular turns around instep Make of foot of Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods – Form a figure eight Carry bandage up over foot in diagonal direction Wrap bandage around back of ankle Come down over top of the foot Circle under the instep – Repeat figure eight pattern while moving downward Repeat and backward toward heel with each successive turn and – Overlap previous turn by one-half to two-thirds width Overlap of bandage of – End by circling ankle with one or two circular turns – Secure in place with tape, clips or pins Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods Recurrent wrap to finger – Used to hold dressing or splint on finger – Fold bandage backward and forward over finger three Fold to four times to form a recurrent wrap to – Start at bottom of finger and use spiral wrap up and Start down the finger to hold recurrent wraps in position down – Use a figure eight around the wrist to hold bandage in Use place place – End with one or two circular wraps around the wrist – Tie, tape or pin bandage at the wrist Checkpoints for Circulation Checkpoints Checkpoints for circulation Important to check circulation after bandage Important applied to make sure bandage is not too tight applied Signs of poor or impaired circulation – – – – – Swelling or edema Pale or cyanotic color Coldness to touch Numbness or tingling Poor or slow return to pink color after nailbeds are Poor blanched blanched Loosen bandages immediately if any signs of Loosen impaired circulation are noted impaired ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course CNA 1 taught by Professor Teresabriggs during the Spring '12 term at NorthWest Arkansas Community College.

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