15-10 Specific Injuries - Specific Injuries Injuries to...

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Specific Injuries Injuries to specific body parts require special care
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Eye Injuries Eye injuries always involve danger of vision loss, especially if treated incorrectly In most cases, it is best to avoid giving major treatment Obtain assistance of medical help, preferably an eye specialist, as soon as possible
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Eye Injuries Foreign objects in the eye Objects such as dust or dirt cause irritation, can scratch the eye or become embedded in the eye Signs and symptoms Redness Burning sensation and/or pain Watering or tearing of the eyes Presence of visible objects in the eye
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Eye Injuries If object is floating freely in the eye: Keep victim from rubbing eye Wash your hands thoroughly Gently draw upper lid down over lower lid Stimulates formation of tears Lids may create wiping action to remove particle Can also grasp eyelashes between thumb and forefinger Gently raise upper eyelid Tell victim to look down and tilt head to injured side Gently flush eye with water to remove particle Can also use corner of sterile gauze to gently remove particle
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Eye Injuries If object is embedded or does not respond to previous methods of removal: Make no attempt to remove particle Apply a dry, sterile dressing Obtain medical help for the victim
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Eye Injuries Blows to the eye Examples: blows from a fist, accident or explosion May cause contusions or “black eyes” Results in internal bleeding and torn tissues in eye Can lead to loss of vision First aid care Apply sterile dressings or an eye shield At times, it is best to cover both eyes to prevent movement of the injured eye Keep victim lying flat Obtain medical help (eye specialist if possible)
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Eye Injuries Penetrating injuries that cut eye tissue Extremely dangerous because can result in loss of eye fluid If object is protruding from eyes: Make no attempt to remove it Support it by loosely applying dressings First aid care Apply dressings to both eyes to prevent movement of injured eye Keep victim lying flat on back to prevent fluids from draining out of the eye Obtain medical help immediately (eye specialist)
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Ear Injuries Injuries of the ear Can result in rupture of perforation of eardrum
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15-10 Specific Injuries - Specific Injuries Injuries to...

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