Gender_Sexuality_Human_Mobility_and_Acad.pdf - DOSSIER...

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“a gender ideology that fails under any academic analysis”—but also feminist, sexuality, LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender), and queer studies. Going back to Sabsay’s framework, President Correa mentioned the “right of everyone to decide” while adding that he prefers “women that look like women” and “men that look like men.” By doing so, he reifies biological sex as that which dictates unequivocal gender norms: claiming that something different “goes against biology and the natural law.” 2 In his statement, he also attacked reproductive rights, in particular the right to abortion (even for victims of rape) and reiterated his view against marriage equality, arguing that the LGBT community would not gain additional rights from same-sex marriage. His statements contradict Ecuador’s constitutional rights, which protect against discrimination based on gender and sexual identity. Right before this Enlace, Ecuadoran president Rafael Correa and his cabinet met with transgender male-to-female LGBT activist Diane Rodríguez, founder and president of the grassroots organization Silueta X located in Guayaquil. Rodríguez, known as the first trangender legislative candidate to the Constitutional Assembly and a supporter of Alianza País (the current leading political party), has been named the official voice for all LGBT communities’ concerns (Viteri and Picq 2015). This “encuentro histórico,” as the government labeled it, illustrates a shift: colonial heteronormative state formations are adjusting to contemporary sexual politics (Rodríguez might not have been born a woman but she embodies traditional expectations of femininity). A brief chronology follows of some of the main discourses and events related to gender and sexuality that preceded the national strike on August 13, 2015, which faced harsh violence from the the only exceptions are cases involving a threat to the life or health of a pregnant woman when the danger cannot be averted by other means, and pregnancy resulting from the rape of a woman with a mental disability. All other women or girls, even those pregnant from a rape or with an unviable pregnancy, may not access a legal abortion and can be sentenced to two years in prison for having one. Even harsher penalties apply to medical professionals who perform abortions. Sabatinas ,” also known as “Enlaces Ciudadanos,” are speeches by President Correa held every Saturday in different locations across the country at a high economic cost. President Correa uses these sabatinas—which can last up to three hours—to directly attack individuals who express any kind of dissent. President Correa’s speeches have been characterized by sexist, racist, homophobic, and xenophobic language. There are many examples but I will quote the most salient that make visible how some of these categories overlap. For instance, Enlace No. 35411¹ could be read as a prelude to a relatively recent appointment (February 2015) of a new director of Plan Familia, which fell into the hands of a very conservative Catholic woman named Mónica Hernandez. Plan Familia develops

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