Munzer - THE UNEASY CASE FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS...

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THE UNEASY CASE FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE * S TEPHEN R. M UNZER ** K AL R AUSTIALA *** I. I NTRODUCTION ......................................................................... 38 II. S PECIFYING R OBUST L EGAL P ROTECTION FOR T RADITIONAL K NOWLEDGE ......................................................................... 43 A. Legal Modalities and Their Analysis ................................. 43 B. Legal Protection of Traditional Knowledge ......................... 45 III. U NDERSTANDING T RADITIONAL K NOWLEDGE ........................... 46 A. Debates over Traditional Knowledge .................................. 46 B. Traditional Knowledge Defined ......................................... 48 C. Traditional Knowledge, Law, and International Politics ....50 D. Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property ............... 52 IV. P ROPERTY A RGUMENTS FOR P ROTECTING T RADITIONAL K NOWLEDGE ......................................................................... 56 A. Framing the Inquiry .......................................................... 56 B. Assessing the Main Arguments for Intellectual Property Rights ............................................................................. 59 1. Desert Based on Labor . .......................................... 59 2. Firstness . .................................................................. 62 3. Stewardship . ............................................................ 65 4. Stability . ................................................................... 67 5. Moral Right of the Community. ............................. 68 Permission is hereby granted for noncommercial reproduction of this Article in whole or in part for education or research purposes, including the making of multiple copies for classroom use, subject only to the condition that the names of the authors, a complete citation, and this copyright notice and grant of permission be included in all copies. * We thank Richard L. Abel, Stuart Banner, Ranee Adipat, Betsy Bennion, Eric R. Claeys, Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss, Mark Greenberg, Larry Helfer, Curt Hessler, Justin Kachadoorian, Thomas W. Merrill, Kali Murray, Chris Naticchia, James W. Nickel, Angela R. Riley, Seana Shiffrin, Chris Sprigman, Rebecca Tsosie, Mark Woodhead, and partici- pants at presentations at the American Philosophical Association, the Colorado Property Conference, the Law and Philosophy Discussion Group, St. Louis University School of Law, and the UCLA School of Law for their comments and assistance. We are grateful to Kristen A. Carpenter, Sonia K. Katyal, and Angela R. Riley for allowing us to see their forthcoming article in draft. See infra note 2. For financial support, we are indebted to the Academic Senate and the Dean’s Fund at UCLA. © 2009 Stephen R. Munzer & Kal Raustiala. ** Professor of Law, UCLA School of Law.
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course LAW 41415A taught by Professor Williamfisher during the Spring '10 term at Harvard.

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Munzer - THE UNEASY CASE FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS...

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