Odyssey - Homer(8thcenturyB.C.E.) TheOdyssey What do I need...

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Homer (8 th  century B.C.E.)  The Odyssey   What do I need to read? “Homer” Pages 116-119 in Vol. A The Odyssey Page 225 in Vol. A Books V-VI, VIII, IX-XXII, XXII A section of The Odyssey  in Modern Greek: andra moi ennepe, mousa, polutropon, hos mala polla plankhthê, epei Troiês hieron ptoliethron epersen: pollôn d' anthrôpôn iden astea kai noon egnô, polla d' ho g' en pontôi pathen algea hon kata thumon, arnumenos hên te psukhên kai noston hetairôn. all' oud' hôs hetarous errusato, hiemenos per: autôn gar spheterêisin atasthaliêisin olonto, nêpioi, hoi kata bous Huperionos Êelioio êsthion: autar ho toisin apheileto nostimon êmar. Who is Homer anyway? the same poet who wrote The Iliad What did he write? The Odyssey an odyssey is a quest, a man searching for himself, yet often in disguise he must meet and master external manifestations of his own characteristics, such as lust and  wrath
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the story of the warrior Odysseus -  - on his way home to Ithaca, Greece, after  the fall of Troy (he is called Ulysses by the Romans) this epic is not a tragedy – it has a successful ending he goes through three rites of passage on his journey 1. rite of separation from warrior past at Troy 2. rite of transition and change through unreal world of monsters, witches, and cannibals 3. rite of reincorporation upon return to Ithaca opens in medias res , in the middle of the story, when Odysseus is at the court of the King of  Phaeacia and tells his story in flashbacks his journey home takes him ten more years because he offended the god Poseidon/Neptune The Odyssey      is an account of his ten years of travel and survival flashback:  at the end of the Trojan War, Achilles is slain by an arrow shot by Paris from hiding Odysseus slays Paris and recovers Achilles’ armor Odysseus designs the wooden horse in which Greek soldiers are able to enter Troy and open the  gates to the Greek army read more in a book on Greek mythology 19th century etching of the Trojan Horse Who are these people?
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Achilles/Akhilleus  - hero of The Iliad , seen here in Hades after his death Aeolus/Ailos  - the keeper of the winds Alcinous/Alkinoos  - king of the Phaeacians Calypso/Kalypso  - a sea nymph Charybdis/Kharybdis  - a whirlpool or maelstrom Circe/Kirke  - a sorceress on the Island of Dawn Cyclopes/Kyklopes  - a race of one-eyed giants Helios  - the god of the sun Laertes  - father of Odysseus Laestrygonians/Laistrygones  - a race of cannibals Nausicaa/Nausikaa  - daughter of king Alcinous Penelope  - wife of Odysseus Polyphemus  - son of Poseidon; a Cyclops Poseidon  - god of the seas
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course ENG 2332 taught by Professor Forbes during the Fall '09 term at Dallas Colleges.

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Odyssey - Homer(8thcenturyB.C.E.) TheOdyssey What do I need...

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