2101 Genesis-Exodus-Job

2101 Genesis-Exodus-Job - Genesis, Exodus, Job Honors 2101,...

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Genesis, Exodus, Job Honors 2101, Fall 2006 Unit 1: Mesopotamia and Ancient Near East
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“Old Testament” Hebrew Torah Pentateuch (5 Books) Tanak: Law, Prophets, Writings Authorship? 4 narrations: “J”, “E”, “D”, “P” “J” (Yahweh) is ~900 BCE “P” is ~500 BCE Official organization ~ 400 BCE (School of Ezra)
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What is the Torah? Literary Collection of a People Hebrew myth, folktales, history, poetry, biography, philosophy, prophecy, history, etc. “1st” Monotheism: Yaweh, an all-powerful, dual- natured god. A god of violence, vengeance, and destruction A god of covenants, blessings, protection A nationalist or founding story (of Israel) From a loose tribal collection of people To a national identity of a chosen people
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The Hebrew Bible read as living literature is a tragic epic with a single long plot: the tale of the fall of a hero through his weaknesses. The hero is Israel, a people given a destiny almost too high for human beings, the charge of God’s law… Unlike all other epic tragedies, it does not end in death. The hero has eternal life, and the prospect of ages of pain, in which to rise at long last to the destiny which he cannot escape. – Herman Wouk This is My God
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Genesis Story of creation, rebellion, universal flood, razing of the unrighteous (1-11); and a story of tribal fathers, conflicts between sons and fathers, and convenants with Yaweh (11-22). Exodus Story of the search for the promised land, the escape from Egypt, and the formation of a nation under God’s laws.
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Influences Canaan/Palestine between Egypt and Mesopotamia. (e.g., flood, eternal life, laws) Stories of Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph) represent migration of Semitic tribes from Arabian peninsula into Fertile Crescent between 1900-1300 BCE. Abraham from Ur of the Chaldees ~1900 Canaanite/Amorite tribes move to Egypt ~1700 Come out of slavery in 13th cent. BCE, during rules of Seti and Ramses II.
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Using the texts as sources, answer the questions given to your group. You will have ~30 minutes.
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2101 Genesis-Exodus-Job - Genesis, Exodus, Job Honors 2101,...

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