Mahabharata_1 - TheMahabharata (c.400B.C.E.400C.E.) What do...

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The Mahabharata  (c. 400 B.C.E. – 400 C.E.) What do I need to read? “India’s Heroic Age” Pages 881-886 in Vol. A “The Mahabharata” Pages 953-958 in Vol. A The Mahabharata Pages 967-983 in Vol. A What are the major Sanskrit epics of India? The Ramayana  (also in our book) it was written around 300 B.C.E. by the poet Valmiki it contains 24,000 couplets, 7 books the story is immensely popular in India it tells the adventures of a great prince Rama, banished from his country and wandering for long  years in the wilderness The Mahabharata it was written between 400 B.C.E. and 400 C.E. by poet Vyasa (uncertain)
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it contains 100,000 couplets, 18 parvans or sections and supplement it takes 50 videotapes to watch the whole it is often shown on Indian television, very popular it is 8 times as long as The Iliad  and The Odyssey  together What is The Mahabharata ? this is the great war epic of the Bharata dynasty it is valued for both its high literary merit and its religious inspiration it consists of a mass of legendary and didactic material it begins with the genealogies of the Bharata clan the central heroic narrative is the struggle for supremacy between two groups of cousins, the evil  Kauravas and the virtuous Pandavas, over the kingdom that the Pandavas have recently  established on the northern Indian plain the story is based on a central event in Indian history, a war around 3102 B.C.E. the purpose is an exposition on dharma – the proper conduct of a king, a warrior, a man living in  times of calamity, a person seeking emancipation from rebirth Who are the central characters here?
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What is the story? when king Pandu dies young, his blind brother Dhrtarastra holds the throne until Pandu’s sons  come of age Duryodhana, however, does not want to return the throne to his cousins and tries repeatedly to  kill them Duryodhana, jealous of Yudhisthira, cheats him in a ceremonial dice game he also publicly insults the Pandava queen Draupadi  he wins the rigged dice game and systematically takes everything from his cousins
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course ENG 2332 taught by Professor Forbes during the Fall '09 term at Dallas Colleges.

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Mahabharata_1 - TheMahabharata (c.400B.C.E.400C.E.) What do...

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