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History essays - Experience and Significance of the Battle...

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Experience and Significance of the Battle of Gettysburg (Confederate and Union sides) The Battle of Gettysburg was fought from July 1 to 3, 1863. Confederates were on the defensive. They weren’t just defending their ground; they were also pushing into the north. If the confederates did win they could have pushed even further north, which would have given them an enormous edge. Also, if the confederacy won on Independence Day it would have had much more significance and they would have considered the United States’ Independence Day their own Independence Day. The casualty numbers at Gettysburg were extraordinarily high. Roughly 25,000 men on each side died. President Lincoln went to Gettysburg because of the huge number of loses on the Union side. The confederacy ended up losing, and the union was victorious. The confederacy surrendered on July 3. There is far more information on this battle because it was fought over three days. Journalists and reporters were also embedded within to confederate and union armies. They were with the troops and watching the battle so they could write about it in the newspapers. The devastating losses at Gettysburg are remembered today heroically and they are the focus of numerous books, articles, and films today. Lincoln also gave a brief speech at Gettysburg, which is now the most widely quoted speech in US history. There were debates over why the confederacy lost in the aftermath of the battle and in the aftermath of the war itself. This battle could have had a huge impact on the war if the confederacy won. Memoirs in the aftermath of the war were written on why the confederacy lost. This was the beginning of a difficult period for the confederacy. They also surrendered in Vicksburg, Mississippi. Grant had sent men to Vicksburg to attack from the east and west. Vicksburg was under siege and citizens could not enter. The confederacy started to run out of ammunition and food and the confederate generals finally surrendered on July 4. Many say this battle was more important than Gettysburg because it gave the union much more control. However, Robert E. Lee was at Gettysburg, and since he was seen as such a hero, Gettysburg for more attention. In November 1863, Grant gained another victory for the north, solidifying union power. In 1864, the union had twice as many soldiers than the confederacy. The south stated losing supplies along with their morals while the opposite was happening for the north. Reconstruction and Race Relations following the Civil War After the war had ended, radical republicans thought they should have control because the south had left. However, Lincoln said that the south never even left because that was never legal, so he is still in control. Lincoln wanted a gentle, quick healing of the nations’ wounds to get past the damage of the war and continue as a unified country. His plan was presidential reconstruction. Ten percent of southern voters who were on the voter registration rolls before the war started swore an oath of loyalty to the US. Radicals wanted more power for the freedman’s bureau. White northerners
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Reginald during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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History essays - Experience and Significance of the Battle...

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