History Themes

History Themes - The Framing of the Constitution & the...

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The Framing of the Constitution & the Establishment of a Stronger Federal Government Constitutional Convention (1787)- 12 delegates write new constitution, few radical revolutionists took part. John Adams refuses to participate- illegal. 13 states will never agree. Ratification emplementation: stay in sevret until it’s all done, representation? Problems for framers of the new US constitution. Question of rep: small vs. large states, 12 legislative houses (House of Reps. By pop & senate- equal number for each state). Use 3/5 compromise. Locus of power- balance of power between states and federal government (taxes, armies, interstate commerce) States retain all other powers. Degree of democracy- different degrees for each branch of government, house of reps= most dem., supreme court at least. Federalists (coast) vs. Anti-Fed (midland)- want to wait for NY & VA- meeting for radication. VA radifies constitution. NY radifies constitution. 5 states want Bill of Rights added to constitution. Radification celebrations. G.W. first president of US. Philadelphia= capital 1789. Economic Conflicts (Shay’s Rebellion, Whiskey Rebellion) and their relationship to the development of a stronger federal government (including policies of Federalists like Alexander Hamilton) Whiskey Rebellion- 1794, West farmers made corn into whiskey because corn is easily lost/damaged during transport. Local militia marched against tax collectors in Mingo Creek, Penn. Cries for liberty and equalities. Farmers/distillers burned local sheriffs in effigy and broke open courts to stop legal proceedings. Protestors complained that the government had taxed westerners without their consent and imposed unjustified force against a “free people.” Significance: Washington reasoned that if frontier farmers successfully thwarted their government Spain, Britain & Ind. Sould soon follow. Send 13,000 troops led by to suppress rebels. Exercise of Fed, power Wash. Believed persistent violence on w. frontier= downfall. Shay’s Rebellion- 1787, led by Daniel Shay (capt. Veteran, fought at Bunker Hill) of W. Mass. Was trying to pay off war debts-> passed “hard $ bill”- debts had to be paid in gold or silver not in paper $. Armed uprising of 1,500 colonists toward Springfield armory, take over & steal weapons to lead an even larger uprising. Mass. Government sends 4,000 troops; 150 Shay leaders captured. Four sentenced to death but stopped at last minute. Government doesn’t wantt to create mortyrs. Shay escapes and can’t return to Mass. Sig: Powerful impact on political leaders if they don’t make a stranger fed. Gov they’ll lose the ation- Proof to Fed. Fear of average joe is warranted. . W. .R & S.R both encourage sane fears if they don’t have a stronger fed. Gov. they’ll lose the nation. Hamilton’s Economic plan: extend federal court system. Repay national debt- funding and assumption, raise revenue- issue gov. bonds, protect US industry w/ tariffs, sell w. lands, tax internal trade (ex. Whisky tax) -> results
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Reginald during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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History Themes - The Framing of the Constitution & the...

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