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Unformatted text preview: 1. According to the research presented in Chapter 5, the stereotype threat effect only occurs if the person has some prior susceptibility to the stereotype--people who have been subjected to the negative stereotype over their lives. True or False? Correct Answer: False The answer is False--the research has shown that no prior susceptibility is needed. In particular the studies described in which white males who were strong at math underperformed when they were exposed to a positive stereotype about Asian students and math performance. White males have not been exposed to a negative stereotype about their math abilities. Another study that showed this is the study on Asian-American women who underperformed when their female identity was primed but did not underperform when their Asian-American identities were primed. 2. In Chapter 6, Steele describes a study in which they gave black and white participants difficult anagrams to solve. They were told they would be doing a second task, which was a mixture of analogies and anagrams. All participants were able to choose how many anagrams they would do as part of the second task. The researchers manipulated whether the task was presented as a "lab task" or a measure of "cognitive abilities". The experimenters hypothesized that which group of participants would experience stereotype threat? Choose one answer. a. The white participants in the "cognitive task" condition b. The white participants in the "laboratory task" condition c. The black participants in the "cognitive abilities" condition Correct Answer d. The black participants in the "laboratory task" condition The participants they predicted would feel stereotype threat were the black participants in the "cognitive abilities" task due to the fear of confirming a negative stereotype about blacks' intellectual abilities. 3. What did the results of the study described in Question #2 show? Choose one answer. a. Neither black or white participants exhibited over-efforting when they were given a challenging task, regardless of how it was described. b. White participants exhibited over-efforting only when the challenging task was described as testing “cognitive abilities” and black participants exhibited over-efforting only when the task was described as a “laboratory task”. c. Black participants exhibited over-efforting only when the task was described as testing “cognitive abilities" and white participants did not exhibit over-efforting regardless of how the task...
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 102 taught by Professor Klein during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.
- Fall '08
- Social Psychology