Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture16_helpingf11_dedits

Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture16_helpingf11_dedits - Course...

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Course Info/Reminders • ―Giving Social Psychology Away‖ assignment due Wednesday on the course webpage. • In-class Q&A Wednesday + new material • Exam Monday December 5 th at 4:00 PM – PLEASE SEE INFO SHEET ON GS • Practice questions too! – Bring photo ID and parscore to exam
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Helping and Altruism • Why do people help one another?
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Helping • Prosocial behavior—an act performed with the goal of benefiting another person • Altruism—desire to help another person even if it involves a cost to the self and there is no benefit to the self
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Types of Helping • Everyday acts of kindness – Common, short-lived, low/moderate cost • Taking a sick friend to the doctor, making charitable contribution, helping stranger change a tire • Extraordinary acts of bravery or heroism – Uncommon, short-lived, high-cost • Donating a kidney, rushing into burning building, Schindler’s List • Volunteerism – Common, sustained, moderate-cost • Performing community service (meals on wheels, habitat for humanity), donating blood regularly
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Evolutionary Psychology • Kin Selection – Helping those genetically related to us helps ensure survival of our genes • Reciprocity – Helping others increases the likelihood that they will help us in the future • Learning social norms – Those who were ―quick learners‖ more likely to survive (social norms, which foods are poisonous, etc.)
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• We maximize our rewards and minimize our costs – Rewards • Internal Rewards: Can relieve our distress or make us feel good • External Rewards: Can increase likelihood of being helped or make us look good/not look bad
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Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture16_helpingf11_dedits - Course...

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