Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture15aggression_f11

Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture15aggression_f11 - Exam #2...

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Exam #2 Feedback • Great job! Mean=86.8%, Median=87.5 • …FAQ • Come see your exam in office hours – MW 3:30-4:30 Bldg 429, Rm 215 – No OH or class Wednesday – Bumper OH next week
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What is aggression? • Accidentally injuring someone • Working tenaciously to try to sell a product to a customer • Biting someone on the neck • Swinging a stick at someone but missing • Hurling insults at someone • Deliberately failing to prevent harm • Murdering for money • Hiring someone to break a competitor's kneecaps • Hitting others while in a rage
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Is this aggression? • Accidentally injuring someone • Working tenaciously to try to sell a product to a customer • Biting someone on the neck • Swinging a stick at someone but missing • Hurling insults at someone • Deliberately failing to prevent harm • Murdering for money • Hiring someone to break a competitor's kneecaps • Hitting others while in a rage
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What is aggression? • Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt another person who does not want to be hurt. • Related concepts – Anger: Emotion (affect) – Hostility: Attitude (cognition?) – Violence: Extreme acts of physical aggression
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Two types of aggression • Instrumental Aggression – Inflicting harm to obtain something of value. – A means to an end. • Emotional Aggression (a.k.a. hostile or affective) – Inflicting harm for its own sake. – The means and the ends coincide.
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Culture and Aggression • Cross cultural; differences in aggression/violence • Some societies where aggression is absent or nearly absent – Balinese (Indonesia) – G/wi (Kalahari desert) – Inuit (arctic region) – Ladakhis (Tibet)
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0 10 20 30 40 Australia Canada China England Greece Hong Kong Iraq Isreael Japan Panama Russian Fed. US # of murders per 100,000 people; 1999
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Variations within cultures • Regional differences (culture of honor) • Age differences • Historical effects • SES differences
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Gender Differences • Physical violence committed by males more than females – In 1999, 90% of murderers were male; 76% of murder victims were male – Consistent across cultures • Other aggression?
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Four Countries Girls: 8 Years Verbal Physical Indirect Girls: 15 Years Verbal Physical Indirect Boys: 8 Years Verbal Physical Indirect Boys: 15 years Verbal Physical Indirect
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Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture15aggression_f11 - Exam #2...

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