Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture12_Nov7

Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture12_Nov7 - Course Information...

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Course Information • Monday 11/14 – First 1/3 (or less) of lecture ―left over‖ new material – Rest of lecture period—Diana’s exam review session—bring your questions • Exam 11/16—coverage, etc. posted • No class on 11/23 (day before Thanksgiving)
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How do stereotypes and prejudices form? • Realistic Conflict Theory Frustration--Aggression Theory • Social Identity Theory • Cognitive Misers • Existing social structures
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Frustration-Aggression Theory: Scapegoating (Allport, 1954) • If something frustrates us and we can not reconcile it with the source of our frustration, we displace it – Especially likely to displace onto groups that are visible, disliked, and/or relatively powerless – Example: Anti-Semitism in post WWI Germany when economic climate was grim
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Aggression when insulted (Rogers & Prentice-Dunn, 1981) • U. of Alabama white participants • Told to give shocks to ―other participant‖ in learning experiment, could choose level and duration – IV#1: Race of confederate • Black or white – IV#2: Behavior of confederate • Friendly or insulting
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85 95 105 115 125 135 145 155 Friendly Insulting Amount of aggression (shock duration and intensity) Black confederate White confederate
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85 95 105 115 125 135 145 155 Friendly Insulting Amount of aggression (shock duration and intensity) Black confederate White confederate
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How do stereotypes and prejudices form? • Realistic Conflict Theory • Frustration--Aggression Theory Social Identity Theory • Cognitive Misers • Existing social structures
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Social Identity Theory (Tajfel, 1970) • Social identity: The ―we‖ aspect of our self-concept – Categorize, identify, and compare – Some amount of our self-esteem is derived from group identity – We want to have a positive view of self – Thus, we want to view our groups positively
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Klee or Kandinsky?
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How do we increase positive view of our ingroup? • Ingroup bias:
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 102 taught by Professor Klein during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-lecture12_Nov7 - Course Information...

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