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Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-Lecture4_Oct5

Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-Lecture4_Oct5 - Course Information...

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Course Information All reading assignments were included on the syllabus (last page with the lecture schedule) WV Assignment #1 due 10/10 A mediating variable is a factor that explains the observed relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable Exam questions about the studies we cover
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection People sometimes think something affects their behavior when it does not. People sometimes overlook something that does affect their behavior. Not always bad…we are better at understanding our well-reasoned behavior and identifying conspicuous influence Problem is we do not know when we do not know
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection Predicting our future behavior Please close your eyes and imagine yourself in this following scenario: Would you a) say something b) ignore it or wait to see how others react
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection Swim & Hyer (1997) found that when predicting their behavior women chose: a) say something = 95% b) ignore it or wait to see how others react: 5% In the actual situation: a) say something = 44% b) ignore it or wait to see how others react: 56%
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Introspection: The fate of our own relationships (MacDonald & Ross, 1999) People in new relationships (1-11 months) Will you be in this relationship in 1 year? Parent and roommate also asked Re-contacted participants 1 year later Prediction of actual outcome Participants themselves = not significant (no better than chance) Roommates & Parents , significant correlation between their predictions and actual outcome
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Why? Participants Roommates Parents Challenges 2.56 2.62 3.29 Strengths 3.97 3.69 4.03 Harmony 8.01 7.39 7.65 Lack of Alternatives 6.02 4.31 3.52
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection Predicting our future feelings Affective Forecasting: People have difficulty predicting the duration and intensity of their future emotions How happy would you be after winning the lottery?
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