Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-Lecture4_Oct5

Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-Lecture4_Oct5 - Course Information...

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Course Information • All reading assignments were included on the syllabus (last page—with the lecture schedule) • WV Assignment #1 due 10/10 – A mediating variable is a factor that explains the observed relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable • Exam questions about the studies we cover
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection • People sometimes think something affects their behavior when it does not. • People sometimes overlook something that does affect their behavior. • Not always bad…we are better at understanding our well-reasoned behavior and identifying conspicuous influence • Problem is we do not know when we do not know
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection • Predicting our future behavior – Please close your eyes and imagine yourself in this following scenario: – Would you a) say something b) ignore it or wait to see how others react
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection • Swim & Hyer (1997) found that when – predicting their behavior women chose: a) say something = 95% b) ignore it or wait to see how others react: 5% – In the actual situation: a) say something = 44% b) ignore it or wait to see how others react: 56%
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Introspection: The fate of our own relationships (MacDonald & Ross, 1999) • People in new relationships (1-11 months) • Will you be in this relationship in 1 year? • Parent and roommate also asked • Re-contacted participants 1 year later – Prediction of actual outcome Participants themselves = not significant (no better than chance) , significant correlation between their predictions and actual outcome
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Why? Participants Roommates Parents Challenges 2.56 2.62 3.29 Strengths 3.97 3.69 4.03 Harmony 8.01 7.39 7.65 Lack of Alternatives 6.02 4.31 3.52
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Introspection • Predicting our future feelings – Affective Forecasting: People have difficulty predicting the duration and intensity of their future emotions – How happy would you be after winning the lottery? – Got a new car?
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 102 taught by Professor Klein during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Psy 102 fall 2011-ucsb-Lecture4_Oct5 - Course Information...

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