Chapter 17 summary

Chapter 17 summary - Chapter 17 Aldehydes and Ketones...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 17 Aldehydes and Ketones Basic Concepts •  •  •  •  Nomenclature Geometry of the carbonyl group Typical reac9vi9es of the carbonyl group Acid/base dependence –  Carbonyl ac9va9on in acid –  Nucleophile ac9va9on in base •  Hydrate equilibria •  Acetal/hemiacetal reac9vi9es Basic Concepts •  •  •  •  •  Acetal/hemiacetal reac9vi9es Protec9ng group chemistry Imine ­type compounds Enamines Ylides Reac9ons •  Addi9on of water => hydrates (geminal diols) •  Addi9on of HCN => cyanohydrins •  Addi9on of alcohols => hemiacetals and acetals •  Addi9on of amines –  primary amines => imines –  secondary amines => enamines •  WiLg => alkenes Reac9ons •  Nucleophilic addi9on reac9ons to carbonyl groups –  Acid catalysts work by making the carbonyl group more electrophilic –  Base catalysts work by making the nucleophile more nucleophilic ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course CHEM 335 taught by Professor Dr.yan during the Winter '11 term at Portland State.

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