REP_OH.20

REP_OH.20 - CM 426 REP 20 FAIR HOUSING AND ETHICAL...

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CM 426 -- REP 20 FAIR HOUSING AND ETHICAL PRACTICES I. CIVIL RIGHTS IN HOUSING -- OVERVIEW A. ARTICLE I OF CONSTITUTION TREATED SLAVES AS 3/5 OF A PERSON FOR STATE’S POPULATION B. PRIOR TO CIVIL WAR NO RIGHTS RECOGNIZED FOR AFRICAN DESCENDANTS -- SLAVE OR FREE! C. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866 -- OUTGROWTH OF 13TH AMENDMENT: “ALL CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES SHALL HAVE THE SAME RIGHT IN EVERY STATE AND TERRITORY AS IS ENJOYED BY WHITE CITIZENS THEREOF TO INHERIT, PURCHASE, LEASE, SELL, HOLD, AND CONVEY REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY.” D. 1883 -- SUPREME COURT ALLOWED PRIVATE ACTS OF DISCRIMINATION -- JUST NO GOVERNMENT ACTION E. PLESSY V. FERGUSON -- (U.S. SUPREME COURT -- 1896) SEPARATE BUT EQUAL RESULTS IN LEGALIZED RACIAL SEGREGATION F. OVERRULED IN 1954 -- BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION -- OUTLAWED SEGREGATION IN SCHOOLS -- DIDN’T MEAN MUCH FOR BLACKS G. BUCHANAN V. WARLEY (1917) STRUCK DOWN LOCAL ZONING ORDINANCES THAT RESTRICTED BLACKS TO SPECIFIC AREAS OF TOWN (VIOLATION OF 14TH AMENDMENT “EQUAL PROTECTION” CLAUSE) H. 1948 -- SHELLEY V. KRAEMER, SUPREME COURT HELD PRIVATE PERSONS COULD NOT USE COURTS TO ENFORCE RACIAL DEED RESTRICTIONS I. EVEN FHA WAS AN OFFENDER, ACTUALLY
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INSTRUCTING ITS STAFF AND APPRAISERS TO CONSIDER THE RACIAL MAKEUP OF NEIGHBORHOODS. IN 1950, FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PROHIBITED INSURING
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REP_OH.20 - CM 426 REP 20 FAIR HOUSING AND ETHICAL...

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