10-VotingCampaigns - Political Linkage: Direct Link Between...

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Political Linkage: Direct Link Between People and Politicians Voting, Campaigns and Elections
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Elections & Democracy Our theme for the course: to evaluate our democracy and its ability to be successful Elections are essential for democratic olitics: they are a fundamental element for a politics: they are a fundamental element for a successful democracy ree and open elections are necessary for the Free and open elections are necessary for the benchmark of “popular sovereignty” Majority rule: the end result of voting
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Nature of American Elections Distinct features in the U.S. We have more elections than any other democracy Elections are separate and independent from each other for each level of government Government positions are filled with fixed terms of office lections are held on a fixed date Elections are held on a fixed date “First past the post”: that is, winner-take-all or plurality
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Who Votes? A successful democracy is dependent upon the articipation of its citizenry It can take different participation of its citizenry. It can take different forms but voting is the most common. Variables that impact participation: Education Age Socioeconomic status Race Gender
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Political Participation Does everyone have the opportunity to vote? The history of American politics is one of the expansion of the Franchise 1787: white, male, adult property owners, fees (poll taxes), and religion (sometimes) 820s: universal white male suffrage 1820s: universal white male suffrage Disappearance of property qualifications and poll taxes 1870s: entrance of black male voters with the 15 th Amendment
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Political Participation Expansion of the Franchise (con’t) 19 th Amendment (1920): banned discrimination based on gender (women get to vote!!) ivil Rights Act of 1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 Required literacy tests to be conducted in writing Disallowed voters’ applications from being tossed for immaterial errors
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Political Participation
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course POL 1 taught by Professor Robertbrown during the Fall '05 term at Riverside Community College.

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10-VotingCampaigns - Political Linkage: Direct Link Between...

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