11-Congress - Government and Governing Making Laws: The...

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Unformatted text preview: Government and Governing Making Laws: The Congress Checks and Balances House Representation based on population; reapportionment is based on the national census, which is done every ten years State legislatures draw the district lines The dominant party will draw the lines in a way that retains power Gerrymandering Majority-Minority districts Checks and Balances Equal representation in the Senate Gives great power to the small states Can distort popular sentiment Diminishes equality Senate is unrepresentative: more than half of the senators in the 104 th Congress come from tates that together make up only one fth of states that together make up only one-fifth of the population How Congress Works Political parties in Congress egislative business is organized along party Legislative business is organized along party lines Party voting Party identification serves as a cue Not clear if party voting differences are caused by party identification or by constituents Party discipline is weak How Congress Works Congressional Leadership ouse House Speaker Third in line of succession to the presidency Decides who speaks on the floor; assigns bills to committees Majority floor leader: helps Speaker plan strategy Minority floor leader: chief spokesperson for the opposition Party whips: act as liaisons between leaders and the rank and file; keep track of voting Congressional Campaign Committee : helps raise $ How Congress Works Congressional Leadership enate Senate President of the Senate is the Vice President President pro tempore: most senior member of the Senate (honorary) Majority leader fluences committee assignments scheduling business Influences committee assignments, scheduling business, and office space; but a committee makes the assignments Weaker than the Speaker of the House Minority leader leads the opposition How Congress Works...
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course POL 1 taught by Professor Robertbrown during the Fall '05 term at Riverside Community College.

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11-Congress - Government and Governing Making Laws: The...

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