Chapter 7 How do I Reason With my Audience Student Version

Chapter 7 How do I Reason With my Audience Student Version...

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HOW DO I REASON WITH MY AUDIENCE? Chapter 7
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Reasoning ¨ The inferential leap from the grounds to the claim made through the warrants.
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6 Major Forms of Reasoning 1. Cause 2. Sign 3. Generalization 4. Parallel Case 5. Analogy 6. Authority
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Argument from CAUSE ¨ Cause : Suggests a temporal connection between phenomena. One event or condition causes another and things fall in an orderly fashion. ¨ “Does watching violence on TV cause people to commit more violent crimes?”
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Testing Causal Arguments 1. Does the cause ____________ the effect? 2. Is the effect ____________ by the cause, or does it occur ____________? 3. Are there ______________causes? 4. Has the effect ________________the cause?
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Testing Causal Arguments “Does watching violence on TV cause people to commit more violent crimes?” 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ 3. ________________________ 4. ________________________
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Argument for SIGN ¨ Sign : Connect ___________ with ________that merely exist. They are observable symptoms, conditions or marks that tell us the case. ¨ “Dark clouds in mid afternoon is a sign that rain is coming.”
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¨ Is your sign _________? ¨ Is your sign really a __________?
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course COM 3 taught by Professor Estrellaromero during the Fall '11 term at Riverside Community College.

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Chapter 7 How do I Reason With my Audience Student Version...

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