Chapter 11 - Emotions, Stress, and Health

Chapter 11 - Emotions, Stress, and Health - Chapter 11...

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1 Chapter 11 Emotion Stress Health
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2 Emotion ( Branches) (Gardener) Thoughts and Culture & ex- explanations perience & ex- pression of emotion Biological capacity for emotion
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3 Think about these Issues Are emotions and cognitions two separate processes that often conflict with each other, or are they inextricably connected? Can we control our emotion? Is thinking always rational and emotion irrational?
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4 Paul Ekman Neurocultural Theory 1-Universal neurophysiology in the facial muscles 2-Culture-specific variations in the expression of emotion Seven Universal Facial Expressions of Emotion Anger, happiness, fear, surprise, disgust, sadness, and contempt
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5 Emotion Elements of Emotion 1-Physiological changes in the face, brain, and body 2-Cognitive processes such as interpretations of events 3-Cultural influences that shape the experience and expression of emotion
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6 (1) The Physiology of Emotion (Face, Hormones, Brain)
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9 Visual Cliff Studies
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10 Visual Cliff Studies 75% of the babies crossed the cliff when their mothers put on a happy, reassuring expression. Not a single one crossed when their mothers showed an expression of fear.
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11 Facial Feedback Facial expressions affect the sympathetic nervous system. A smile sends a message to the brain and positive emotions increase
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12 Hormones and Emotion You perceive the sensory stimulus. The adrenal gland sends two hormones: epinephrine and norepinephrine. They activate the sympathetic nervous system. That produces a state of arousal or alertness that provides the body with the energy to act (the pupils dilate, the heart beats faster, and breathing speeds up).
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14 Detecting Emotion Lie Detectors It measures several of the arousal responses that accompany emotion, such as breathing, blood pressure, and perspiration. The polygraph cannot distinguish between anxiety, irritation, or guilt; all appear as arousal. An innocent person might respond with heightened tension to the accusations.
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15 The Brain and Emotion Left Hemisphere Important for the expression of positive emotion Damage to the L.H. leads to loss of the capacity of joy. Activation in the L.H. leads to tendencies to approach other people. Right Hemisphere
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Evettesamaan during the Spring '12 term at Harvard.

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Chapter 11 - Emotions, Stress, and Health - Chapter 11...

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