Chapter 13 - Psychological Disorders

Chapter 13 - Psychological Disorders - 1 Psychological...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Psychological Disorders According to the Law The definition of mental disorders rests on whether: 1- the person is aware of the consequences of his actions 2- can control his behavior If not the person may be declared insane. 2 Definitions of Mental Disorder A Harmful Dysfunction 1- Mental disorders as a violation of cultural standards or atypical behavior 2- Mental disorder as maladaptive or harmful behavior 3- Mental disorder as a disturbing emotional distress. 4- Mental disorder as unjustifiable 3 Psychologists Definition Any behavior or emotional state that 1- causes the individual great suffering or worry 2- is self-destructive, 3- is maladaptive and disrupts either the persons relationships or the larger community. 4 Understanding Psychological Disorders The Medical Perspective Psychological disorders are sicknesses and can be diagnosed, treated, and even cured. The Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective How biological, psychological, and social factors interact to produce specific psychological disorders. 5 Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV (1994) contains more than 300 mental disorders. Provides diagnostic categories Does not provide information on causes Does not provide information on treatment It is organized in 5 axes 6 Axis I Clinical Syndromes Anxiety disorders Mood disorders Dissociative disorders Substance abuse disorders Schizophrenia 7 Axis II Developmental and Personality Disorders Ingrained aspects of the clients personality that are likely to affect the persons ability to be treated, such as self-involvement or dependency. 8 Axis III Physical Disorders and Conditions Medical conditions that are relevant to the disorder, such as respiratory or digestive problems. 9 Axis IV Severity of Psychosocial Stressors Social and environmental stressors that can make the disorder worse, such as job and housing troubles or having recently left a network of close friends. 10 Axis V Global Assessment of Functioning The clients overall level of functioning at work, relationships, and leisure time including whether the problem was of a recent origin or of long duration, and how incapacitating it is. 11 Diagnostic Criteria for Attention- Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms must persist for at least six months Symptoms must have begun before age seven Symptoms present in at least two situations Disorder impairs functioning Symptoms not explained by another disorder such as: 12 Diagnostic Criteria for Attention- Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Anxiety Schizophrenia Mania Dissociative Disorder Personality Disorder Developmental Disorder 13 Anxiety Disorders 1- Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 3- Panic Disorder 4- Fears and Phobias 5- Obsession Compulsions 14 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder When people are in danger, they produce high...
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Evettesamaan during the Spring '12 term at Harvard.

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Chapter 13 - Psychological Disorders - 1 Psychological...

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