Chapter 14 - Therapy 2 - Copy

Chapter 14 - Therapy 2 - Copy - Therapy Approaches...

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1 Therapy Approaches Biomedical Therapy Psychotherapy Alternative Therapies The Power of Forgiveness
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Biomedical Therapies 1. Drug Therapies - Antipsychotic Drugs - Antianxiety Drugs - Antidepressant Drugs - Mood-Stabilizing Medications 1. Brain Stimulation - Electroconvulsive Therapy - Alternative Neurostimulation Therapy 3. Psychosurgery 2
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3 Biomedical Therapies (1) Drug Therapies 1-Antipshchotic Drugs 2-Antidepressant Drugs 3-Tranquilizers 4-Mood-Stabilizing Medicines
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4 1-Antipsychotic Drugs or Neuroleptics Good for treating psychosis and schizophrenia Example: Thorazine Reduce receptivity to dopamine or increase serotonin Reduce positive symptoms of schizophrenia Do not relieve other negative symptoms
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5 Antipsychotic Drugs and Schizophrenia Good for reducing: Agitation Delusions Hallucinations Can shorten schizophrenic episodes Offers little relief from: Jumbled thoughts Difficulty concentrating Inability to interact with others
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After the Introduction of Anti- psychotic Drugs 6
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7 2-Antidepressant Drugs Treat depression, anxiety, phobias, OCD Example: Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil Non addictive but can cause side effects 1-Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (elevate levels of 2-Tricyclic antidepressants (boost nor. & ser. by preventing their reabsorption) 3-Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (work on serotonin)
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Serotonin Reuptake 8
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9 3-Tranquilizers Prescribed for depressed mood, panic, and anxiety Example: Valium Increase activity of neurotransmitter GABA If overused can result in tolerance and withdrawal
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10 4-Mood-Stabilizing Medications Lithium Carbonate Prescribed for bipolar disorder Can be dangerous if not given in the right doze
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11 Cautions about Drugs Placebo effect Relapse and drop out rates Dosage problems Long-term risks Overprescription Sometimes they have to be with therapy
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12 The Placebo Effect Kirsch and Sapirstein (1998) 7315 participants 41% of those receiving antidepressants experienced reduced symptoms. 31% of those given placebos also received reduced symptoms.
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Biomedical Therapies (2) Brain Stimulation Electroconvulsive Therapy Alternative Neurostimulation Therapies - Deep-Brain Stimulation - Magnetic Stimulation 13
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Electroconvulsive Therapy ECT After three sessions each week for two or four weeks, 80% of people receiving ECT improve markedly, showing no brain damage. ECT reduces suicidal thoughts and is
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Evettesamaan during the Spring '12 term at Harvard.

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Chapter 14 - Therapy 2 - Copy - Therapy Approaches...

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