Thinking, Language and Intelligence, Psych 101

Thinking, Language and Intelligence, Psych 101 - Thinking...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Thinking and Intelligence What type of thing would someone intelligent say? What type of thing would someone unintelligent say? Name 5 qualities about someone that would indicate intelligence.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2
Background image of page 2
3 Reasoning and Rationality 1-Formal Reasoning 2-Informal Reasoning 3-Reflective Judgment
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Formal Reasoning It is the kind of thinking you find in an intelligence test. The information needed for reaching a solution is specified clearly. There is a single right or best answer.
Background image of page 4
5 Formal Reasoning 1-Algorithm A set of procedures guaranteed to produce a solution even if you don’t really know how it works. Example: To solve a problem in long division you just apply a series of operations that you have learned.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Formal Reasoning 2-Logic Deductive Reasoning Drawing conclusions from a set of observations or premises. If the premises are true, the conclusion must also be true. Inductive Reasoning Draw conclusions but could be conceivably wrong. You draw specific conclusions from general premises.
Background image of page 6
7 Formal Reasoning 2-Logic Deductive Reasoning Example: All human beings are mortal. I am a human being. If the premises are true Then, I am mortal. Inductive Reasoning Example: Most people with season tickets must love music. John has season tickets. Then, John probably loves music.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
8 Informal Reasoning In informal reasoning problems, there may be no clearly correct solutions . Disagreement may exist about basic premises. Information may be incomplete. Many view points may compete .
Background image of page 8
9 Informal Reasoning 1-Heuristics Rules of thumb that suggest a course of action without guaranteeing an optimal solution. Examples: A doctor who wants to determine the best kind of treatment. A factory owner who wants to boost production.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10 Informal Reasoning 2-Dialectical Thinking Example: Is what juries are supposed to do in order to arrive to a verdict. You consider argument for and against the defendant’s guilt. You consider point and counter point .
Background image of page 10
11 Reflective Judgment Critical Thinking The ability to question the assumptions, evaluate and integrate evidence, relate the evidence to a theory or an opinion, Consider alternative interpretations, And reach conclusions that can be defended as reasonable or plausible.
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Reflective Judgment 1-Prereflective Reflective Stages (the first 2 stages) The right answer always exists. No distinction between knowledge and belief, or belief and evidence. Examples: I was brought up to believe that a certain ethnic group is bad.
Background image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 56

Thinking, Language and Intelligence, Psych 101 - Thinking...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 13. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online