Approaches to Understanding Human Development

Approaches to - 1 Welcome to Psychology 112 Human Growth and Development Instructor Evette Samaan Book Craig G J& Baucum D(2001 Human

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Welcome to Psychology 112 Human Growth and Development Instructor: Evette Samaan Book: Craig, G. J. & Baucum, D. (2001). Human Development, 9 th Edition. E-mail: Giseladora@AOL.com 2 History of Psychology • Psychology is a fairly new science. • Until the 19 th century it was not recognized as a separate field of study. • The birth of psychology as a formal science can be traced back to 1879. • It was founded by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig, Germany. • The use of introspection 3 Defining Psychology • Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism’s physical state, mental state, and external environment. 4 What Mom Knows • 4 years of age – Mommy can do any thing! • 8 years of age – My mom knows a lot! • 12 years of age – My mother doesn’t really know quite everything! • 14 years of age – Naturally, Mother doesn’t know that either! • 16 years of age – Mother? She’s hopelessly old-fashioned! 5 What Mom Knows • 18 years of age – That old woman? She’s way out of date! • 25 years of age – Well, she might know a little bit about it! • 35 years of age – Before we decide, let’s get Mom’s opinion! • 45 years of age – Wonder what Mom would have thought about it! • 65 years of age – Wish I could talk it over with Mom! 6 Defining Lifespan Psychology • Lifespan psychology is the field of study that examines patterns of growth, change, and stability in behavior that occur throughout the entire life span. 7 Age Groups in the Lifespan • Prenatal • Infancy (0-2) • Early Childhood (3- 6 years) • Middle Childhood (6-11) • Adolescence (12- 19) • Early Adulthood (20-30’s) • Middle Adulthood (35-45) • Late Adulthood (60s-death) 8 What Constitutes a Good Theory • Provides a framework for unmanageable collections of information and then organizes around it, offering explanations • Provides testable predictions: – If we can predict with accuracy, we become more confident that we understand ourselves – Predictions give rise to further research that can refine or extend the theory. 9 Issues Relevant to Theories of Human Development 1- Active Versus Passive Development 2- Stages Verses Continuity in Development 10 1- Active Versus Passive Development 1- Organismic Theorists Emphasize active development. Argue that we are active participants in our own development 2- Mechanistic Theorists Emphasize passive development. We are driven primarily by our internal drives and motivations in conjunction with external pressures produced by the environment. 11 What Is the Best Answer? • Our active human minds interact with the forces of society and nature, and that interaction determines what we do and who we become. 12 2- Stages Versus Continuity in Development 1-Stages Development occurs “stepwise” in stages that are qualitatively different, so we achieve new ways of understanding our world quite abruptly....
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 112 taught by Professor Evettesamaan during the Spring '12 term at Rio Hondo College.

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Approaches to - 1 Welcome to Psychology 112 Human Growth and Development Instructor Evette Samaan Book Craig G J& Baucum D(2001 Human

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