Infancy, Cognitive Development 112

Infancy, Cognitive Development 112 - Infancy Cognitive,...

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1 Infancy Cognitive, Physical, Language Development
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2
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3 Neonates States of Arousal Reflexes Neonatal Assessment Learning and Habituation
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4 States of Arousal Peter Wolff (1966) Waking activity Crying Alert inactivity Drowsiness Regular sleep Irregular sleep
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5 Survival Reflexes Breathing Rooting Sucking Pupillary Eye-blink
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6 Primitive Reflexes Moro (startle) Palmar Plantar Babinski Stepping Swimming Tonic neck
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7 Swimming Startle (Moro)
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8 Tonic Neck
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9 Babinski
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10 Plantar
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11 Stepping Palmar
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12 Brazelton’s Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (BNBAS) An assessment measure that hospitals use the first few days of a baby’s life. 28 measures are grouped into 7 clusters Includes Neurological examination Assessment of social responsiveness Assessment of behavioral capabilities
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13 Clusters of Brazelton’s Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale Habituation Orientation Motor tone and activity Range of State Regulation of state Autonomic stability Reflexes
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14
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15 Habituation and Learning Habituation Method To study infant perceptual abilities, researchers habituate infants to certain stimuli and then change the stimuli. Examples Habituating neonates to turn their heads to the left to obtain milk whenever a bell was rung Neonates learned to turn on a light by turning their heads to the left.
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16 Erich Fromm Man is the only animal that can be bored
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17 Physical and Motor Development Erik Erikson First Psychosocial Stage Trust vs. Mistrust
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18 First 4 Months doubled in weight eyes have begun to focus the 1 st tooth is about to erupt most reflexes have disappeared From 5 to Eight Months increasing competence in fine and gross motor skills playing games crawling, bearwalking, scooting
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19 From 9 to 12 Months about three times heavier than they were at birth may be walking can manipulate the environment using a pincer grasp From 13 to 18 Months are walking on their own can stack blocks can feed themselves May be able to undress partially
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20 From 19 to 24 Months are called toddlers can pedal a tricycle can jump in place can climb stairs can scribble can dress and undress without assistance
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21
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22 Sensory and Perceptual Development Sensation The translation of a stimulus by a sense organ Perception The complex process by which the mind interprets and gives meaning to sensory information
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