PreschoolSocialPersonalityDevelopment112

PreschoolSocialPersonalityDevelopment112 - 1 Preschool...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Preschool Years 2 Children Learn What They Live If a child lives with criticism, He learns to condemn. If a child lives with hostility, He learns to fight. If a child lives with ridicule, He learns to be shy. If a child lives with shame, He lives to feel guilty. If a child lives with tolerance, He learns to be patient 3 If a child lives with encouragement, He learns confidence. If a child lives with praise, He learns to appreciate. If a child lives with fairness, He lives justice. If a child lives with security, He learns to have faith. If a child lives with approval, He learns to like himself. 4 The Preschool Years Sociocultural and Personality Development Developmental Issues and Coping Patterns Aggression and Personal Behavior Peers Play and Development of Social Skills Understanding Self and Others Family Dynamics 5 I- Developmental Issues and Coping Patterns Children Ages 2-6 must learn to manage a wide range of feelings and emotions: Positive Feelings Negative Feelings Joy Anger Affection Fear Pride Anxiety Jealousy Frustration Pain 6 Fear and Anxiety Fear is a response to a specific situation. A child may fear the dark or the sound of thunder. Anxiety is a generalized emotional state. A child may experience regular and continuous feelings of unease, often without knowing why. What are the Causes of Fear and Anxiety? 7 How Can We Help Children Cope with Fear and Anxiety? Modeling by parents Reduce unnecessary stress Professional help (systematic desensitization) Participant modeling 8 How Do Children Cope with Fear & Anxiety? Defense Mechanisms Identification Projection Denial Reaction Formation Displacement Regression RationalizationRepression Withdrawal 9 Emotion Regulation Claire Kopp (1989) Dealing with emotions in a socially acceptable ways Western societies expect children to inhibit the display of some emotions such as: anger and distress affection and joy sensuality and sexual curiosity 10 Developmental Conflicts (Autonomy vs. Shame) (Initiative vs. Guilt) Compliance Autonomy Mastery and Competence Guilt Shame 11 Guilt Involves the desire to undo certain behaviors. It is distinct from the self. It shouldnt affect the persons core identity Guilt may lead to the feeling of remorse. Shame Associated with the desire to undo aspects of the self Shame leads the feeling of helplessness 12 Erik Erikson Resolving the Conflicts Autonomy-vs.-Shame Early Part of Preschool Years (18 months 3 years) Children either become more independent and autonomous if their parents encourage exploration and freedom. They can experience shame and self-doubt if they are restricted and overprotected. 13 Erik Erikson Resolving the Conflicts Initiative- vs.-Guilt (age 3-age 6) Children view of themselves undergoes major change as they face conflicts between the desire to act independently of their parents and the guilt that comes from the unintended consequences of their actions....
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 112 taught by Professor Evettesamaan during the Spring '12 term at Rio Hondo College.

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PreschoolSocialPersonalityDevelopment112 - 1 Preschool...

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