Philosophy 101

Philosophy 101 - Exam 2 Study Guide 1. Harmans argument for...

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Exam 2 Study Guide 1. Harman’s argument for why ethics is both and not like science? Like science because they make observations based on their beliefs (scientific [tests] or moral [perception]) Not like science because in ethics we don’t need to assume that our observations correspond to anything real (fact vs. moral fact and no objective standard!) 2. Aristotle’s discussion of the nature of happiness: common conceptions of happiness; the relationship between, happiness, reason, and virtue Happiness = virtue + excellence It is in our human nature to be happy, our “highest good” Conceptions: Happiness= doing well, but doing well depends on reasoning well (human function) Function + virtue = happiness Virtue is the mean virtue of character is defined by reason, or the decision for the action Vice is the extreme characteristics of a virtue Deficiency and Excess Ex. Bravery: cowardness and rashness How is it acquired? By experience, seeing other people reason
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Wheeler during the Fall '07 term at Towson.

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Philosophy 101 - Exam 2 Study Guide 1. Harmans argument for...

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