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Class_8PPT - Quick Reminders Research paper Bring in...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 1 / 3 1 / 1 0 Quick Reminders… ± Research paper ± Bring in Outlines next week ± Worth 5 pts (out of total 40) ± Extra Credit opportunity ± Extra Credit ± Lecture activity ± Simulations ± Attendance ± SONA credits ± Quiz/ Exam Questions ± See me
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Click to edit Master subtitle style 1 / 3 1 / 1 0 Chapter 12: Personality
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1 / 3 1 / 1 0 Personality ± Personality – a unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits ± Consistency – stability across time/situations ± Distinctiveness – differences between individuals ± Personality Traits – a disposition to behave a particular way ± E.g., honest, moody, impulsive, excitable, anxious, friendly, dependable
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1 / 3 1 / 1 0 The Big 5 ± The Five-Factor Model (a.k.a. The Big Five ) ± 1. O penness to experience ± 2. C onscientiousness ± 3. E xtraversion ± 4. A greeableness ± 5. N euroticism
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1 / 3 1 / 1 0 Big 5 Activity ± Big Five trait # Item (scoring key) ± Neuroticism 1. (–) 11. (–) 16. (+) 6. (+) ± Extraversion 2. (+) 12. (+) 17. (–) 7. (–) ± Openness to 3. (+) 13.(+) Experience 18. (–) 8. (–) ± Agreeableness 4. (–) 14. (–) 19. (+) 9. (+) ± Conscientiousness 5. (+) 15. (+) 20. (–) 10. (–)
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1 / 3 1 / 1 0 FREUD’S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY ± 3 Structures of Personality: ± 1. Id – instinctive component ± Pleasure principle (demands immediate gratification) ± 2. Ego – decision making component ± Reality principle (delays gratification until appropriate) ± 3. Superego – moral component (incorporates social standards) ± 3 Levels of Awareness: ± 1. Conscious (thoughts in awareness) ± 2. Unconscious (thoughts/desires well beneath awareness) ± 3. Preconscious (just beneath awareness, easily retrieved)
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1 / 3 1 / 1 0
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1 / 3 1 / 1 0 Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory ± Behavior is the outcome of internal conflicts between: Id, Ego, & Superego ± Conflicts often center on sexual and aggressive impulses ± Conflicts cause anxiety , so Ego constructs defense mechanisms ± Defense Mechanisms – largely unconscious reactions that protect a person from unpleasant emotions such as anxiety and guilt
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