Lecture 1 - Psychology the scientific investigation of...

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Psychology – the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior It reflects the influences of biological processes, individual differences, and time and culture. 4 Goals of Psychology 1. Describe how people and animals behave 2. Understand and explain the causes of behavior 3. Predict behaviors/reactions across situations 4. Control behavior through understanding its causes and consequences A sample of psychological perspectives - Biological/Biopsychological Perspective Understand the mind and behavior through biological processes in the brain Electrical and chemical processes of neurons Localization of function (Phineas Gage survived severe damage to the brain) Psychodynamic Perspective - Identified the role of unconscious forces which determine behavior - Personality determined by early life experiences - Drives and motivations conflict leading to compromises (defense mechanisms, symptoms) Freudian Slip – what you are really thinking about in your unconscious
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Lecture 1 - Psychology the scientific investigation of...

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