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Unformatted text preview: Learning Approach Roadmap: Overview of Approach Behaviorism Theories Habituation, Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning Social Learning Theories Dollard & Miller, Rotter, Bandura Strengths & Weaknesses Overview of Approach Basic Assumptions Personality equals behavior Personality is learned Personality is acquired over time Personality is influenced by external forces Types of Theories – the learning based approaches to personality are: Behaviorism Social Learning Behaviorism Theories - Habituation Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Habituation Simplest way that behaviors change as a result of experience Classical Conditioning Definition Association between two previously unrelated stimuli Pavlov (1849-1936) & His Dogs Background Example Before Conditioning: Before Stimuli Are Paired Unconditioned Stimulus (US) elicits Unconditioned Response (UR) Neutral stimulus (NS) elicits no particular response During Conditioning Conditioning: Neutral Stimulus (NS) is paired with the Unconditioned Stimulus Bell rings, then meat powder is delivered Happens a number of times (trials) After Several Trials After Several Trials • When Bell rings, dog salivates • The Bell is now a Conditioned Stimulus (CS) • Salivation is a Conditioned Response (CR) Terms Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS): Unconditioned Response(UCR):...
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