Psych 105-ucsb-fall-2011-lecture 13-ch 14_Autism_new_

Psych 105-ucsb-fall-2011-lecture 13-ch 14_Autism_new_ -...

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1 Autism Overview Autism at the behavioral level What does it look like? Autism at the biological level What causes it? A cognitive theory What part of the mind is working differently? The „theory of mind‟ theory of autism Atypical developmental pathways and their relevance to development? Looking at development that does not proceed typically can tell us about normal development Looking at patterns of what goes wrong, along with what might remain intact can tell us about brain/mind organization Note: domain specific approach. Our focus: autism Autism: a little history: first descriptions … a spectrum syndrome Kanner: 1943 Asperger: 1944 Lower functioning Higher functioning 3:1 male : female 10:1 male : female Diagnosis: Autism at the behavioral level Wide variety of specific symptoms Specific manifestation depends on level of functioning How is diagnosis made? Clinical behavioral observation… presence of a core set of features required Core diagnosis: the „triad of impairments‟ communication socialization imagination Diagnosis requires symptoms in each area of the triad:
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2 Features of Autism not part of diagnosis So called „savant‟ abilities (music, drawing, calculation, memory feats, apprehending large numbers) These are more common in autism than in the general population, but still rare in autism. Can be found in
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Psych 105-ucsb-fall-2011-lecture 13-ch 14_Autism_new_ -...

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