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Unformatted text preview: 1 Attachment Click here Overview What is attachment? Early theories Evolutionary approaches Individual differences in styles of attachment What causes different attachment styles? What outcomes are associated with each style? Cultural similarities and differences Early theories: Attachment as a learned response: Early psychoanalytic and behaviorist theories emphasized the role of feeding / food reinforcement in the development of attachments to parents: Freud and Oral stage Behaviorists: food reinforcement Attachment as a basic biological need Evolutionary perspective … (e.g. Bowlby) Forming attachment relationships to caregivers is one of the primary needs of development Both human infants and their caregivers have evolved in ways that predispose them to form close attachments to one another. In non humans, a simple mechanism ensures infants stay close to primary caregiver ( imprinting …) + In humans a similarly simple mechanism might be at work: Note: mechanism DOES not have to be detailed or elaborate to work Evidence against the need for food reward for emotional bonds to be formed… Harlow and colleagues studied the behavior of monkeys that had been reared in isolation from birth...
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- Fall '08