Psych 105-ucsb-fall-2011- Final_review_sheet

Psych 105-ucsb-fall-2011- Final_review_sheet - Psychology...

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Psychology 105: Fall 2011; Final exam review sheet. 1. Emotional development and attachment Emotions --Basic emotions… universal across cultures; what emotions are basic? -- When do infants show signs of different emotional expressions…? --Methods used to determine this -- natural and structured observation. Advantages and disadvantages of each. Important of rater agreement for all kinds of observation. --Other notable fear reactions; stranger and separation anxiety; cultural differences in extent of these emotions; cultural similarity in pattern of developmental trajectory --Complex "self conscious" emotions… examples? Evidence that self-conscious emotions are linked with a concept of self. Mirror-self-recognition and shopping cart studies? --Individual differences in regulation of emotions; early "temperament" -- stable individual differences in emotion regulation; three main categories of temperament. --Recognizing and understanding emotions in others. Basic discrimination of emotional expressions (method: habituation) up to 6 months; After 7 months, infants understand the meaning of different expressions (method: cross modal selective looking). --Social referencing… using emotional expressions to guide behavior in novel situations; Evidence from the visual cliff. --Display rules that are culture specific (e.g. NOT universal); --Features of learning display rules; not showing internal emotions, replacing internal emotions with external signs of a different emotion; --Age differences in this capacity? Sex differences in this capacity?
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Attachment as a common feature of humans: -- Attachment as a learned response to food rewards; know the explanations offered for how emotional bonds form offered by Psychoanalytic and Behaviorist approaches. --Attachment as a basic biological need; imprinting in non-humans, early social biases in humans (e.g. face preference); --Harlow‟s studies looking at rhesus monkeys separated from their mothers. Key result: spent most time on cloth covered mother even when all feeding was done by wire mother. This shows that attachment behaviors do not stem from “feeding as a reward”, but are a primitive need in their own right Individual differences in attachment style --Methods used to measure attachment style; the strange situation (a structured observational technique). Remember, advantages of structured observational techniques. What behaviors are measured in the strange situation? -- Three styles of attachment. Secure, insecure-avoidant, insecure-resistant. Features of each style; how common are each of the different styles in North American cultures? -- What determines attachment style; maternal sensitivity versus child temperament. --Correlational evidence versus intervention evidence; what do intervention
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 105 taught by Professor Schwartz during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Psych 105-ucsb-fall-2011- Final_review_sheet - Psychology...

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