Psychology 105: Fall 2011; Final exam review sheet. 1. Emotional development and attachment Emotions --Basic emotions… universal across cultures; what emotions are basic?-- When do infants show signs of different emotional expressions…? --Methods used to determine this -- natural and structured observation. Advantages and disadvantages of each. Important of rater agreement for all kinds of observation. --Other notable fear reactions; stranger and separation anxiety; cultural differences in extent of these emotions; cultural similarity in pattern of developmental trajectory--Complex "self conscious" emotions… examples? Evidence that self-conscious emotions are linked with a concept of self. Mirror-self-recognition and shopping cart studies? --Individual differences in regulation of emotions; early "temperament" -- stable individual differences in emotion regulation; three main categories of temperament. --Recognizing and understanding emotions in others. Basic discrimination of emotional expressions (method: habituation) up to 6 months; After 7 months, infants understand the meaning of different expressions (method: cross modal selective looking).--Social referencing… using emotional expressions to guide behavior in novel situations; Evidence from the visual cliff. --Display rules that are culture specific (e.g. NOT universal); --Features of learning display rules; not showing internal emotions, replacing internal emotions with external signs of a different emotion; --Age differences in this capacity? Sex differences in this capacity?
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