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Hume 1 - Lockes Consent Theory 1 Historical Consent state...

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Locke’s Consent Theory 1. Historical Consent state is legitimate iff it originally arose by consent 2. Hypothetical Consent state is legitimate iff it would be rational for free, equal persons to consent to it 3. Actual Consent individual is obligated to obey state iff (a) state is legitimate (b) individual has consented (c) individual is within state’s jurisdiction
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Hume’s Critique of Historical Consent Fact: most states arose by violence, not consent What follows, given historical consent theory? What follows, given actual consent theory? Why does Hume think these implications are absurd? Fact: usually impossible to get the consent of all we need better ways to found states Locke’s best response: reject Historical consent theory, which contradicts Hypothetical consent
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Hume’s Critique of Actual Consent Theory “Can we seriously say, that a poor peasant or artizan has a free choice to leave his country, when he knows no foreign language or manners, and lives from day to day, by the small wages which he acquires? We may as
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