Locke 1 - Social Contract TheoryLocke (1690) 1. Form of a...

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Social Contract Theory —Locke (1690) 1. Form of a legitimate state Hypothetical Contract Theory : state is legitimate iff free, equal, rational people could/would consent to it Q: is absolute dictatorship legitimate?
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2. Obligation to obey the state Actual Consent Theory I must obey state iff state is legitimate I consented I am inside its jurisdiction State has no legitimate powers over me that I have not authorized All state authority comes from agreement of the people
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3. How legitimate states arise Historical consent theory: Legitimate states arise from anarchy by actual historical contract, fair process implausible why should remote origins matter? unnecessary
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Why Social Contract Theory? Pre-modern era: social order requires social hierarchy based on birth Patriarchalism (Filmer): King : Subjects :: Father : Family absolute dominion!
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Locke 1 - Social Contract TheoryLocke (1690) 1. Form of a...

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